Electric vehicle charging station: Everything you need to know
Environmental and energy depletion concerns have made countries realize the need to replace fuel-based automobiles with electric vehicles (EV), and with that, the electric vehicle charging station must advance along side it. Therefore, governments have taken specific initiatives to de-carbonize their respective transport sectors by embracing the EV industry.
The demand for electric vehicles has had a substantial increase over the years. A study conducted by IEA shows that there has been a 40% year on year increase in the sales of electric vehicles. This, as you might expect, has led to an increase in demand for both public, and private electric vehicle charging stations.
What is an electric vehicle charging station?
The term charging station refers to a collection of two or more charging points. An electric vehicle (EV) charging station, in simple terms, means to recharge or plugin hybrid vehicles with the sole aim to reduce time.
PRO tip: Here are some commonly used terminologies to describe an EV charging station: charging port, charging outlet and electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSP).
How to use an electric vehicle charging station?
- Locate the charger
- Open the charging port (Located either on the front or at the side of the vehicle)
- Plugin: If a cable is attached to the charger, then select the proper connection and attach it in.
Types of electric vehicle charging stations that you will utilize:
- Home charging
- Public charging
It is the most commonly used mode of charging. Around 80% of EV charging is done at home either overnight or while the car is parked during the workday. Therefore, it provides an individual enough range in their EV’s for their day to day travel needs.
EV’s can be charged in three different ways: Trickle Charge (level 1), Medium Charge (level 2), and Fast Charge ( Level3).
Respective governments provide special grants and financial incentives to reduce costs incurred in purchase and installation. In Ireland there are a number of grants that can be used. Read about solar panel grants here.
Trickle Electric Vehicle Charging Stations
It does not require any installations nor expertise from a professional.
This mode of home charging is not recommended under normal circumstances because it uses household electricity, resulting in issues concerning electric bills and electric loads.
Public Electric Vehicle Charging Stations
The demand and popularity of EV’s have resulted in a growing network of EV charging stations, especially public charging stations.
Public charging stations can be located at motorways, shopping centres, dealerships and other urban centres, making it a convenient option during long trips. Moreover, public charging stations have proven to be a faster mode of charging.
Public charging consists of two: Alternating current (AC) and Direct current (DC) charging.
Direct current chargers are proven to be the quickest mode to charge an EV. In comparison, AC chargers are considered faster than household chargers but are dependent on certain factors such as charging station output and the EV’s capacity to handle the charge.
The demand for EV’s is showing an upward trend. However, more has to be done in terms of infrastructure and government regulations to change the attitudes of cautious buyers’.